A Beginner’s Guide to Lawn Care and Maintenance

Ever looked out at your patchy, lacklustre lawn and wished it could transform into a vibrant, green carpet? Many homeowners feel intimidated by the prospect of lawn care and maintenance, assuming it requires a green thumb and hours of endless work.

But here’s the good news: designing a beautiful lawn doesn’t have to be complicated. With a little knowledge and some basic techniques, even absolute beginners can master the art of lawn care and maintenance.

By the end of this guide, you’ll have the confidence and know-how to create a beautiful, resilient, and healthy lawn. Read on.

1. Choosing the Right Garden Soil Mix

Your choice of garden soil mix will define how healthy and resilient your garden plants will be. 


Here are factors to consider when deciding on the right garden soil mix:

  • Texture: Choose a mix that isn’t too sandy or too clayey. Loam, a mix of sand, silt, and clay, is ideal since it can retain moisture and allow for proper drainage.
  • Nutrient Content: A good garden soil mix should have an ideal balance of essential nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to support healthy grass growth. The mix will have these either naturally or by adding fertiliser.
  • Organic Matter: Composed or aged manure can improve soil structure, water retention, and nutrient availability. Find a mix with a decent percentage of organic matter – about 3% – 5%. 
  • pH Level: Your soil’s pH level affects nutrient availability. Aim for a slightly acidic to neutral pH (between 6.0 and 7.0)

Choosing the right garden soil mix depends on the lawn type and climate.  For example, warm-season grasses like buffalo or couch might prefer a sandier mix for better drainage while cool-season grasses like ryegrass or fescue might thrive in loamier soil that retains moisture.

2. Plant Grass Seeds or Lay the Turf

After preparing your soil, it’s time to bring your lawn to life! You have two options when it comes to establishing your lawn: planting grass seed or laying sod.

Let’s explore the pros and cons:

Grass Seed:


  • Cost-effective: Generally less expensive than sod.
  • Variety: A wider selection of grass varieties to choose from.
  • Adaptability: This can be customised to suit specific soil conditions and sun exposure.


  • Requires more patience: Takes longer to establish a full lawn.
  • More vulnerable to weeds and pests during establishment.
  • Requires consistent watering and care during germination.


Sod (Turf):


  • Instant gratification: Provides an instant lawn upon installation.
  • Less maintenance initially: Requires less watering and weeding during establishment.
  • More resilient: Can withstand foot traffic sooner.


  • More expensive: Typically costs more than seed upfront.
  • Limited variety: Fewer grass varieties are available as sod.
  • Requires proper installation: Needs to be laid correctly to ensure successful establishment.

Your choice depends on budget, timeline, and personal preferences. Sod might be the easy way to go if you’re looking for a quick and easy solution. 

But if you’re on a budget and have more time to invest, planting grass seed can be rewarding and cost-effective. 

Alternatively, you can consult a landscaping company that will help you choose the better option or even establish the lawn. They’ll be able to provide advice on soil preparation, watering, fertilising, weed control, and mowing.

3. Water Wisely

man using a hose to water the lawn

Lawn watering often trips up beginners. Overwatering can result in root rot and fungal diseases, while too little can cause grass to wither and turn brown.

How much and how often you should water depends on several factors like grass type, climate and season, soil type, and sun exposure. 

Scenario 1: You have a warm-season grass lawn in Queanbeyan during a scorching summer. Even though these grasses are known for being drought tolerant, the intense heat and dry spells can still take a toll. You might need to water deeply 2-3 times a week, making sure the water penetrates the soil to encourage deep root growth.

Scenario 2:  Imagine a cool-season grass lawn thriving in Canberra’s cooler months. With the lower temperatures and increased moisture retention in the clay-loam soils common in the region, your lawn won’t need as much watering. A good soak once a week, or even less, might be sufficient to keep it hydrated.

Both situations require you to monitor your lawn’s condition and adjust your watering schedule. If you notice footprints that linger on the grass, a bluish tint, wilting leaves, or a combination of all, this is a sign your lawn is “thirsty”.

On the other hand, if the soil feels soggy or there are signs of fungal growth like mushrooms sporting, or a white powdery mildew covering the grass blades, you’re likely overwatering.

4. Lawn Mowing for the Perfect Cut

Moving isn’t as straightforward as the movies make it out to be. It has significant impacts on your lawn’s health and appearance.

The right mowing technique promotes healthy growth, prevents weeds, and leads to a lush, even carpet of green.

Here’s what you need to know:

Mowing Height

Never cut more than one-third of the grass blade at a time, as various grass types thrive at different heights. Cutting too short can weaken the grass and expose it to stress, pests, and diseases.


Warm-season grasses like Buffalo, Couch, and Kikuyu thrive in the warmer months and require more frequent moving during their peak season (summer). 

Cool-season grasses, on the other hand, like Ryegrass, Fescue, and Kentucky Bluegrass, prefer cooler temperatures. Their growth slows down during warmer months.

Sharp Blades

Dull blades tear the grass rather than cutting it cleanly, leaving jagged edges that can invite diseases and pests. Make sure to sharpen your mower blades regularly to ensure a clean, healthy cut.

Mowing Patterns

Avoid moving in the same pattern each time. Alternate your direction to prevent the grass from developing a “grain” or a specific direction in which the grass blades tend to lean or grow. 

Mowing repeatedly in the same direction creates a noticeable pattern, making the lawn look uneven and uninviting.

Grass Clippings

Grass clippings can be a valuable source of nutrients for your lawn. Consider leaving them on the lawn as a natural fertiliser, or collect them for composting.

Moving in the Right Conditions

Avoid mowing when the grass is wet, as this can clog the mower and lead to an uneven cut or appearance. Mow in the early morning or late afternoon, as the sun’s heat won’t stress the freshly-cut grass.

5. Removing Weeds to Keep Your Lawn Pest-Free

dandelion with blurred background

Some of the usual suspects in Australia include bindii, dandelion, clover, and crabgrass. Each weed has its characteristics and growth patterns, so you must familiarise yourself with them.

Preventing weed growth through proper mowing and watering is always the most effective long-term strategy to prevent weeds from taking root.

Additionally, applying a pre-emergent herbicide in early spring can interrupt the germination period.

However, there are various ways to control weed growth once they take over your lawn:

  • Pull out the weeds by their roots, ensuring the entire plant is removed.
  • Organic herbicides like corn gluten meal or vinegar-based solutions are a chemical-free and safe way to remove weeds.
  • For more stubborn growth or a widespread weed problem, chemical herbicides might be necessary. However, use them with caution, ensuring you follow the label instructions carefully to avoid harming your lawn or the environment.

6. Use the Right Fertiliser

Fertiliser is the nutrition your lawn needs to survive and maintain its resilience. They come in either granular or liquid form, delivering nutrients directly to the soil. They’re also available in organic and synthetic varieties, each with their advantages and disadvantages.

Knowing when and how to fertilise is also key. For example, Buffalo, Couch, Kikuyu, and Zoysia are warm-season grasses that need feeding in spring and summer.

Meanwhile, cool-season grasses like Ryegrass and Fescue require feeding in spring and autumn. 

The fertiliser label’s NPK ratio indicates the percentage of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) – primary nutrients your lawn craves. Choose a fertiliser with an NPK ratio tailored to your grass type and soil conditions.

Note: Always follow the instructions on the packaging for either granular or liquid fertiliser. Water your lawn after feeding to help the nutrients reach the roots.

Wholesale Sleeper Co: The Pros In All Things Landscaping In Canberra And Queanbeyan

A lush, healthy lawn is within your reach, even if you’re a beginner. By following these simple tips and investing a little time and effort, you can transform your outdoor space into a vibrant oasis you’ll be proud to call your own.

Remember, a thriving lawn starts with the right foundation. Whether starting from square one or breathing new life into an existing lawn, Wholesale Sleeper Co. has everything you need to achieve your landscaping goals. 

From premium garden soil mixes and lawn turf to a wide selection of fertilisers, tools, and expert advice, we’re your one-stop shop for all things landscaping.

Enquire today and let our knowledgeable staff guide you through designing a beautiful lawn. With our high-quality products and expert advice, you’ll be well on your way to enjoying a well-maintained lawn that’s the envy of the neighbourhood.

By | June 6th, 2024|Categories: Uncategorized|0 Comments